AP Human Geography

This course follows the course of the study set forth by the College Board for the study of human geography.

AP Human Geography is organized into seven units of study, with three units in the first semester, and four units in the second semester. Throughout the entire course, students are directed to analyze and contextualize course content using the five themes of geography: Location, Place, Human/Environment Interactions, Movement, and Regions.


Register for AP Human Geography

Basic and On Demand are always open for registration.

Plus courses are created upon request.

Semester 1

Unit 1: Geography and Geographical Perspectives

  • Land and Water
  • Composition and Division
  • Climate Zones
  • The Americas
  • Western Europe
  • Northern and Eastern Europe
  • Africa
  • Middle East
  • Asia
  • Australasia
  • Space, Place, and Region
  • Location, Scale, and Distance
  • Core, Periphery, Pattern, and Density
  • Maps and Mapping Concepts
  • Models and Geographic Technology

Unit 2: Population, Demographics, and Migration

  • Births Rates and Death Rates
  • RNI, Doubling Time, and TFR
  • The Demographic Transition Model
  • Demographic Stages One and Two
  • Demographic Stages Three and Four
  • Malthus and His Theory
  • Population Pyramids
  • Population Density
  • Migrations

Unit 3: Cultural Developments and Patterns

  • The Cultural Landscape
  • Architectural Styles
  • Language
  • Food and Music
  • Apparel
  • Belief System Groups
  • Eastern Religions
  • Abrahamic Religions
  • Faith in Law and Practice in Europe and North America
  • Faith in Law and Practice in the Middle East and Asia
  • Folklore
  • Land Ownership and Use
  • Nationality, Race, and Ethnicity
  • Cultural Regions and Hearths
  • Cultural Change and Adaptation
  • Cultural Conflict 

Semester 2

Unit 4: The Political Organization of Space

  • Nations and States
  • Borders and Boundaries
  • Border Controls and Border Tensions
  • Territorial Shifts
  • Multistate Organizations
  • Politics and Political Theory
  • Political Economy of Democracy and Free Markets
  • Political Economy of Communism and Socialism
  • Political Conflict

Unit 5: Agriculture and Rural Land Usage

  • Concepts of Land Usage
  • Ecology and Land Cultivation
  • Agricultural Revolutions
  • Modern Commercial Agriculture
  • Specialized Agriculture
  • Historical Agricultural Land Model

Unit 6: Industrialization and Economic Development

  • The Industrial Revolution
  • Sectors of Production: Production Stages
  • Sector Categories: Agriculture and Commodity Chain
  • Sector Categories: Natural Resources
  • Manufacturing and Service
  • General Development Levels
  • More Industrialized and Newly Industrialized
  • Economic Rise of Asia
  • Measures of Development
  • Rostow’s Theory of Development
  • Dependency Theory
  • Industrial Location Theory
  • The Retail and Service Location Theories
  • Industrial Regions

Unit 7: Urbanization and Urban Realities

  • Urban Origins
  • Central Place Theory
  • Concentric Zone Model
  • Sector Model
  • Peripheral Model and International Urban Diversity
  • Suburbanization
  • City Types
  • Development of Diverse Urban Societies
  • Challenges in Contemporary Urban Societies
  • Growth and Sustainability

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